Government; expenditure on education and student grants, loans since 1900

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Data owner Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (Rijk)
Updated 12/30/2022 - 00:00
License CC-BY (4.0)
  • Education and science
Publicity level Public
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Dit is een dataset die landelijk dekkend is. De data heeft betrekking op heel Nederland.


This table gives an overview of government expenditure on regular education in the Netherlands since 1900. All figures presented have been calculated according to the standardised definitions of the OECD.

Government expenditure on education consists of expenditure by central and local government on education institutions and education. The government finances schools, colleges and universities. It pays for research and development conducted by universities. Furthermore it provides student grants and loans, allowances for school costs, provisions for students with a disability and child care allowances to households as well as subsidies to companies and non-profit organisations.

Total government expenditure is broken down into expenditure on education institutions and education on the one hand and government expenditure on student grants and loans and allowances for school costs to households on the other. If applicable these subjects are broken down into pre-primary and primary education, special needs primary education, secondary education, senior secondary vocational and adult education, higher professional education and university education. Data are available from 1900. Figures for the Second World War period are based on estimations due to a lack of source material.

The table also includes the indicator government expenditure on education as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP). This indicator is used to compare government expenditure on education internationally. The indicator is compounded on the basis of definitions of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development). The indicator is also presented in the StatLine table Education; Education expenditure and CBS /OECD indicators. Figures for the First World War and Second World War period are not available for this indicator due to a lack of reliable data on GDP for these periods.

The statistic on Education spending is compiled on a cash basis. This means that the education expenditure and revenues are allocated to the year in which they are paid out or received. However, the activity or transaction associated with the payment or receipt can take place in a different year.

Statistics Netherlands published the revised National Accounts in June 2018. Among other things, GDP has been adjusted upwards as a result of the revision. The revision has not been extended to the years before 1995. In the indicator 'Total government expenditure as % of GDP', a break occurs between 1994 and 1995 as a result of the revision.

Data available from: 1900

Status of the figures: Data recorded in the last available year are definite figures.

Changes on 30 December 2022: The figures for 2020 have been adjusted from provisional to definite.

When will new figures be published? The provisional figures for 2021 will be published in the second quarter of 2023. The final figures for 2021 and the provisional figures for 2022 will be published in December 2023.

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JSON CC-BY (4.0)

Government expenditure on education Per education sector, on student grants, loans and allowance, % GDP


ATOM CC-BY (4.0)

Government expenditure on education Per education sector, on student grants, loans and allowance, % GDP